In 1927 the Musicians’ Union was active on several fronts to support members’ interests. It resisted reductions in pay following the General Strike and fought against harsh conditions of service when, for example, some cinema owners insisted their orchestras play seven days a week. However, to achieve its aims, the Union needed sufficient income to employ officials and organise members; but those very members resisted moves to raise the subscription.
By the time of his death in 1895, leading black abolitionist and former slave Frederick Douglass was the most photographed American of the 19th century, rather than Abraham Lincoln, Walt Whitman or General Custer (as scholars have previously claimed).
There was no daylight this was a problem because the artists and painters had differing lighting needs, the painters needed small 110 volt 80watt portable tungsten light at 2500k, the artists needed high power 500watt halogen lighting to maximize illumination covering large areas of the dome evenly, and to approximately match daylight at 5000k to match paint colour, every time I was on site the lighting changed as workers moved around. I needed to get a soft painterly light in my images to match the original painting but the lighting was harsh and mixed I tried various methods to get this right including flash, also a ring flash it gives a softer feel to the light but nothing worked all too harsh. Eventually I used a mix of long exposures (when the scaffolding stopped swaying) and against my better judgment increased the ISO. Increases the sensitivity of the digital sensor.
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The competition that civilian musicians faced from military bands in public parks and seaside resorts increased in the summer months. A year later, in the summer of 1929, however, this would seem a less menacing challenge than the rush by many exhibitors to install pre-recorded sound in their cinemas.
Auburn Avenue at Piedmont Avenue (African American neighbourhood), Atlanta, Georgia, 1975; destroyed in 2007, Douglass with Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X and W.E.B. Du Bois, likely based on a cabinet card photograph by Matthew Brady taken in Washington D.C. in 1876; CC BY-NC-ND.
A major research project is on course to create the largest, most detailed and most accurate database of the UK's family surnames.
In cinemas, the Panatrope was a two-turntable gramophone with amplified output which allowed operators to play a pre-recorded soundtrack for silent films. Like the more satisfactory systems that reproduced sound recorded on film (represented here by the American salesman, frame right), it threatened the livelihoods of musicians who accompanied films in cinemas. A related article attacked the technology being introduced in Britain and claimed that "the public cannot live on 'canned' music all the time any more than on canned pork."
(African American neighbourhood), Boston, Massachusetts, 1976; destroyed in 1987, likely based on a cabinet card photograph by James E. Reed and P.C. Headley taken in New Bedford, Massachusetts, in October 1894; CC BY-NC-ND.