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Audio Walk to Reveal the Climatic History of a British Beauty Spot

Date: 27/02/2013

A new audio walk to help walkers at a Cumbrian beauty spot to unlock its rich history and learn about the dramatic climate and weather conditions that shape its landscape developed by University of Nottingham researchers.

The audio walk, which has been written by a team Georgina Endfield, Lucy Veale, Gary Priestnall, Sam Meek and Simon Naylor (Univeristy of Exeter) and will be narrated by legendary weather broadcaster and former Met Office stalwart John Kettley, who will guide visitors on a 10-mile walk up Great Dun Fell, the second highest hill in the English Pennines.

An experimental smartphone app to accompany the walk is also being developed by the team. The creation of the walk and app has been funded as part of an ongoing project funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Weather Walks and Weather Talks: Exploring Popular Climate Histories and Futures. The walk is part of the Royal Geographical Society's (with the Institute of British Geographers) Discovering Britain project aimed at encouraging the public to explore the stories behind Britain's landscapes.

The walk resources, freely available to download in both mp3 and printed formats, will reveal to walkers how the region is home to the UK's only ‘named’ wind, the Helm Wind, and document its links with Gordon Manley FRGS, the celebrated climatologist, who studied this powerful natural phenomenon in the late 1930s.

Professor Georgina Endfield, Professor of Environmental History, said: The British weather is very much a part of our national identity — in fact you could argue that we are obsessed with it. It's an easy topic to begin a conversation. But it's also the case that people often remember key events in association with the weather at the time. Weather becomes parts of peoples' lives, in this way. Manley recognised and was intrigued by this association and it is his work on weather, place, and culture that is framing this overall study.

John Kettley began his career as a weather broadcaster at the BBC in Nottingham in 1980 — complete with old-style magnetic weather symbols — where he spent five years advising the city's people on whether to pack the sun cream or umbrella before moving on to the national BBC bulletins.

John said: I love to hear people getting excited about weather, it really has become a ‘sexy’ topic in recent years, and from my own upbringing in West Yorkshire I'm also a big fan of getting out and about in the great outdoors.

If you combine that with the connection to Gordon Manley — whose book Climate and the British Scene was the first I ever owned on weather as a 10-year-old boy — this project presented me with an ideal opportunity.

Great Dun Fell lies in the north of the Pennines — often described as the ‘backbone of England’— and rises to 2,782 feet at its peak. Its summit experiences some of the most extreme weather conditions in the UK and is famed for its connection to the Helm Wind, which has been both feared and celebrated by locals for centuries.

The circular walk — recommended for more experienced walkers — starts in the nearby village of Knock before wending its way up through open moorland to the summit and returns via a road thought to be the highest in Britain.

The audio will provide information and John's commentary at key points along the way. Visitors will hear how Gordon Manley established a climatological station at Moor House, the ‘most remote house in England’ and began to take meteorological observations in January 1932. Manley's own notes talk of the hard life Moor Cottage’s inhabitants, the Armstrong family, endured — in the winter of 1931 their daughter was unable to go to school for eight weeks due to deep snow and at Christmas 1940 a blizzard created a drift that reached more than halfway up the stairs in the cottage.

Despite its remote location, local people were still affected by the Second World War that raged across Europe. In 1940, Mrs Armstrong wrote of 10 bombs being dropped at High Force, Britain's highest waterfall around five miles from Moor Cottage, with rumours circulating that Manleys' weather observations were being viewed with suspicion by Hitlers' Germany.

However, it is the Helm Wind, which sits at the heart of Manley’s research, which is likely to most fire the imagination of visitors to this bleak but beautiful spot. A true ‘local’ wind because it is a product of the specific landscape and climatic conditions, its force has caused devastation and even deaths over the centuries.

One account from the local newspaper The Westmorland Gazette, in 1831 reads: “About noon the Helm Wind was so heavy that it carried up the peats high into the air in its whirling eddies, scattering them in all directions, the horse became terrified and set off at a gallop, rushing headlong down a precipitous rock, crag, or scar, and was killed dead on the spot.”

In a series of interviews with locals more than 200 years later, people told stories of farm machinery being blown out of farmyards and sheep flying around like pieces of wool. One resident who went out into his garden during the Helm quickly retreated indoors because Brussels sprouts were being blown off their stalks and ricocheting around the garden like green machine gun bullets!

The walk commentary also includes extracts from the text of a radio interview with Manley in which he talks from personal experience of the Helm's ‘roaring torrent of air’.

The walk also takes in the site of a weather recording station built by Manley near the summit as well as the radar station built in 1948 by the Civil Aviation Authority and used today by the Centre for Atmospheric Science at the University of Manchester for research into the behaviour of clouds.

The team is currently recruiting volunteers for testing the walk and associated app in the Spring and would be delighted to hear from people interested in participating.

For further information, please contact:

Danielle Moore-Chick, AHRC: 01793 416021 d.moore-chick@ahrc.ac.uk

Emma Thorne, University of Nottingham: 0115 951 5793 emma.thorne@nottingham.ac.uk

1. More information is available on the web at: http://www.discoveringbritain.org/walks/region/north-west-england/great-dun-fell.html

2. The AHRC funds world-class, independent researchers in a wide range of subjects: ancient history, modern dance, archaeology, digital content, philosophy, English literature, design, the creative and performing arts, and much more. This financial year the AHRC will spend approximately £98m to fund research and postgraduate training in collaboration with a number of partners. The quality and range of research supported by this investment of public funds not only provides social and cultural benefits but also contributes to the economic success of the UK.

3. The University of Nottinghamhas 42,000 students at award-winning campuses in the United Kingdom, China and Malaysia. It was ‘one of the first to embrace a truly international approach to higher education’, according to the Sunday Times University Guide 2013. It is also one of the most popular universities among graduate employers, one of the world's greenest universities, and winner of the Times Higher Education Award for ‘Outstanding Contribution to Sustainable Development’. It is ranked in the UK's Top 10 and the World's Top 75 universities by the Shanghai Jiao Tong and the QS World Rankings. More than 90 per cent of research at The University of Nottingham is of international quality, according to the most recent Research Assessment Exercise. The University aims to be recognised around the world for its signature contributions, especially in global food security, energy & sustainability, and health. The University won a Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education for its research into global food security.

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